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Int J Biol Macromol. 2018 Nov;119:582-587. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.07.189. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Bio-based UV protective films prepared with polylactic acid (PLA) and Phoebe zhennan extractives.

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College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan 611130, China.
College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan 611130, China. Electronic address:
School of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge 70803, USA.


In this study, diethyl ether extractives were isolated from Phoebe zhennan wood and then added into PLA matrix for the preparation of UV protective films (UV-PF). The results revealed that the diethyl ether extractives had good compatibility with PLA. The prepared UV-PF with the addition of 24 wt% extractives showed complete absorption of UV-C (200-280 nm) and UV-B (280-315 nm) and more than 90% absorption of UV-A (315-400 nm), indicating the addition of extractives into PLA contributed to the super UV resistant ability of the PLA based films. The UV-PF still exhibited excellent UV absorbability after strong UV light irradiation. The differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) analysis of the films showed that the UV-PF had relatively low thermal degradation temperature compared to the neat PLA films (PF), while the UV-PF showed stronger tensile strength with comparison to that of the PF. The results on the chemical composition analysis of the diethyl ether extractives revealed that the UV absorbability of the UV-PF may own to the benzene structure, CO bonds, CC bonds in the constituents of the extractives, which all have strong absorption in the near UV-region (200-400 nm).


Bio-based materials; Polylactic acid; UV protective films; Wood extractives

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