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J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2018 Aug 1;15(1):38. doi: 10.1186/s12970-018-0242-y.

ISSN exercise & sports nutrition review update: research & recommendations.

Author information

1
Exercise and Performance Nutrition Laboratory, School of Health Sciences, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, USA. ckerksick@lindenwood.edu.
2
Exercise & Sport Science Department, University of Mary-Hardin Baylor, Belton, TX, USA.
3
School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.
4
Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
5
High Performance Nutrition LLC, Mercer Island, WA, USA.
6
Increnovo, LLC, Milwaukee, WI, USA.
7
Collins Gann McCloskey and Barry PLLC, Mineola, NY, USA.
8
Department of Health and Medical Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia.
9
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.
10
Exercise & Sports Nutrition Lab, Human Clinical Research Facility, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.
11
Department of Human Performance & Sport Business, University of Mount Union, Alliance, OH, USA.
12
Dymatize Nutrition, LLC, Dallas, TX, USA.
13
Department of Health and Human Performance, Nova Southeastern University, Davie, FL, USA.
14
Exercise & Sports Nutrition Lab, Human Clinical Research Facility, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA. rbkreider@tamu.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sports nutrition is a constantly evolving field with hundreds of research papers published annually. In the year 2017 alone, 2082 articles were published under the key words 'sport nutrition'. Consequently, staying current with the relevant literature is often difficult.

METHODS:

This paper is an ongoing update of the sports nutrition review article originally published as the lead paper to launch the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition in 2004 and updated in 2010. It presents a well-referenced overview of the current state of the science related to optimization of training and performance enhancement through exercise training and nutrition. Notably, due to the accelerated pace and size at which the literature base in this research area grows, the topics discussed will focus on muscle hypertrophy and performance enhancement. As such, this paper provides an overview of: 1.) How ergogenic aids and dietary supplements are defined in terms of governmental regulation and oversight; 2.) How dietary supplements are legally regulated in the United States; 3.) How to evaluate the scientific merit of nutritional supplements; 4.) General nutritional strategies to optimize performance and enhance recovery; and, 5.) An overview of our current understanding of nutritional approaches to augment skeletal muscle hypertrophy and the potential ergogenic value of various dietary and supplemental approaches.

CONCLUSIONS:

This updated review is to provide ISSN members and individuals interested in sports nutrition with information that can be implemented in educational, research or practical settings and serve as a foundational basis for determining the efficacy and safety of many common sport nutrition products and their ingredients.

KEYWORDS:

Capacity; Dietary supplements; Double-blind; Efficacy; Ergogenic aids; Hypertrophy; Performance nutrition; Placebo-controlled; Position stand; Power; Randomized; Recommendations; Review; Sports nutrition; Strength; Weight gain

PMID:
30068354
PMCID:
PMC6090881
DOI:
10.1186/s12970-018-0242-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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