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J Clin Med. 2018 Jul 31;7(8). pii: E191. doi: 10.3390/jcm7080191.

Brief Review: Ergospirometry in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Cardio-Pulmonary Testing, Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa 41110, Greece. vasileiosstavrou@hotmail.com.
2
Laboratory of Cardio-Pulmonary Testing, Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa 41110, Greece. bardakafotini@yahoo.gr.
3
Laboratory of Cardio-Pulmonary Testing, Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa 41110, Greece. ekaretsi@med.uth.gr.
4
Laboratory of Cardio-Pulmonary Testing, Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa 41110, Greece. zdaniil@med.uth.gr.
5
Laboratory of Cardio-Pulmonary Testing, Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa 41110, Greece. kgourg@med.uth.gr.

Abstract

This brief review summarizes the available literature on the intersection of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and ergospirometry. Ergospirometry provides an assessment of integrative exercise responses involving pulmonary, cardiovascular, neuropsychological, and skeletal muscle systems, which are not adequately reflected through the measurement of individual organ system functions. Sleep disorders, including OSAS, often exacerbate problems in the operation of the autonomic nervous system, heart function, lung mechanics, anxiety, and muscle metabolism. Patients with OSAS have low aerobic capacity due to dysfunction of these systems, which often affect quality of sleep. Further research is necessary to elucidate the precise mechanisms through which ergospirometry can be useful in the assessment and early identification of patients with OSAS.

KEYWORDS:

exercise; maximal oxygen uptake; obstructive sleep apnea

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