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Eur J Sport Sci. 2018 Jul 28:1-8. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2018.1502360. [Epub ahead of print]

Montmorency tart cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) supplementation accelerates recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage in females.

Author information

1
a School of Sport and Exercise , University of Gloucestershire , Gloucester , UK.
2
b Faculty of Health and Life Sciences , Northumbria University , Newcastle upon Tyne , UK.
3
c Human Nutrition Research Centre , Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University , Newcastle , UK.
4
d Water Research Group, School of Environmental Sciences and Development , Northwest University , Potchefstroom , South Africa.

Abstract

Tart Montmorency cherry concentrate (MC) has been reported to attenuate the symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and to accelerate exercise recovery, which has been attributed to its high anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Although these data are promising, there are no data regarding exclusively female populations. Therefore, the aim of this investigation was to examine the efficacy of MC on recovery following EIMD in females. In a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, twenty physically active females (mean ± SD age 19 ± 1 y; stature 167 ± 6 cm; body mass 61.4 ± 5.7 kg) consumed MC or a placebo (PL) for eight days (30 mL twice per day). Following four days of supplementation, participants completed a repeated-sprint protocol and measures of muscle soreness (DOMS), pain pressure threshold (PPT), limb girth, flexibility, muscle function, and systemic indices of muscle damage and inflammation were collected pre, immediately post (0 h) and 24, 48 and 72 h post-exercise. Time effects were observed for all dependent variables (p < 0.05) except limb girth and high sensitivity C-reactive protein. Recovery of countermovement jump height was improved in the MC group compared to PL (p = 0.016). There was also a trend for lower DOMS (p = 0.070) and for higher PPT at the rectus femoris (p = 0.071) in the MC group. The data demonstrate that MC supplementation may be a practical nutritional intervention to help attenuate the symptoms of muscle damage and improve recovery on subsequent days in females.

KEYWORDS:

Repeated sprint; algometry; muscle function; muscle soreness; sour cherry

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