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Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2019 Jan;63(1):40-45. doi: 10.1111/aas.13217. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Lipo-prostaglandin E1 increases immediate arterial maximal flow velocity of free flap in patients undergoing reconstructive surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, St. Paul's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
2
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In free flap surgery, the maintenance of proper blood flow after anastomosis of flap pedicle vessels is important. Lipo-prostaglandin E1 (lipo-PGE1) has been empirically administered to prevent blood flow insufficiency in a free flap reconstruction. We tested our hypothesis that lipo-PGE1 administration increases the arterial inflow of free flap. We also evaluated lipo-PGE1-related haemodynamic changes and complications.

METHODS:

Thirty-seven patients who underwent free flap reconstruction were analysed. Lipo-PGE1 was administered 10 minutes after the vascular anastomosis of the free flap. The maximal blood flow velocity was measured at the free flap pedicle artery before and 30 minutes after lipo-PGE1 administration using duplex ultrasonography. The primary outcome was the difference in the maximal blood flow velocity before and 30 minutes after lipo-PGE1 administration. The arterial blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac output, stroke volume variation, and pulse pressure variation were measured simultaneously. Lipo-PGE1-related complications such as hypotension, bradycardia, hypothermia, facial flushing, diarrhoea, apnoea, and seizure were also investigated.

RESULTS:

The maximal blood flow velocity was significantly increased at 30 minutes after lipo-PGE1 administration compared to the level before lipo-PGE1 administration (mean (standard deviation): 26.3 (8.7) cm/s vs 22.5 (8.0) cm/s, P = 0.002). The haemodynamic variables were not significantly different before and 30 minutes after lipo-PGE1 administration. No lipo-PGE1-related complications occurred.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lipo-PGE1 significantly increases the maximal blood flow velocity without complications in patients undergoing free flap reconstruction and may be an effective and safe method of maintaining adequate blood flow in these cases.

KEYWORDS:

blood flow velocity; duplex ultrasonography; free flap; lipo-prostaglandin E1

PMID:
30058113
DOI:
10.1111/aas.13217

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