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BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2018 Jul 17;4(1):e000382. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000382. eCollection 2018.

Narrative review of injuries in powerlifting with special reference to their association to the squat, bench press and deadlift.

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Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Umeå School of Sport Sciences, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Medfit, Primary Care Rehabilitation and Fitness Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.


Pain and injuries are considered a common problem among elite athletes and recreational lifters performing the squat, bench press and deadlift. Since all three lifts engage multiple joints and expose the lifters' bodies to high physical demands often several times a week, it has been suggested that their injuries might be related to the excessively heavy loads, the large range of motion during the exercises, insufficient resting times between training sessions and/or faulty lifting technique. However, no previous article has summarised what is known about specific injuries and the injury aetiology associated with the three lifts. Thus, the aim of this narrative review was to summarise what is known about the relationships between the powerlifting exercises and the specific injuries or movement impairments that are common among lifters and recreationally active individuals.


overuse syndromes; powerlifting/athletes; review; sex differences

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