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Nutr Res. 2018 Apr 26;56:90-97. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2018.04.015.

Addition of pooled pumpkin seed to mixed meals reduced postprandial glycemia: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Author information

1
Universidade Federal de Viçosa-UFV/MG, Campus Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil. Electronic address: flavia.candido@ufv.br.
2
Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei-UFSJ/MG, Campus Sete Lagoas, São João del-Rei, Brazil.
3
Universidade Federal de Viçosa-UFV/MG, Campus Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil.

Abstract

We investigated if pumpkin and flaxseeds could improve postprandial glycemic, food intake, and appetitive responses. Herein, we hypothesize based on the literature that pumpkin seed has potential to lower postprandial glycemic effects. Therefore, we conducted a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design study involving normoglycemic adults (food intake: n = 25; glycemia: n = 15). Three high-carbohydrate mixed meals presenting no seed (control [C]) or 65 g of the tested seeds (pumpkin seed [P] or flaxseed [F]) were consumed in 3 nonconsecutive days. Test meals had similar nutritional composition. Blood glucose was measured by capillary finger blood at 0 (immediately before), 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after the ingestion of each meal, and the incremental area under glycemic response curves (iAUC) were calculated. Appetitive responses were assessed, and dietary records were used to evaluate food intake on testing days. Glucose iAUC was significantly lower in P compared with C (reduction of ~35%, P = .025). There was no significant differences in glucose iAUC between F and C (P = .257). Glycemic response at each time point did not differ between C, P, and F (Pgroup × time = .238). Fiber consumption was higher in F (P = .009) than in C, but there were no differences in appetitive responses, energy, or macronutrient consumptions between dietary interventions. Acute consumption of 65 g of pumpkin seed markedly reduced postprandial glycemia. Pumpkin seed has potential as a hypoglycemic food, which now deserves to be confirmed in long-term studies.

KEYWORDS:

Appetite; Blood glucose; Body weight; Flaxseed; Food intake; Pumpkin

PMID:
30055778
DOI:
10.1016/j.nutres.2018.04.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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