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Int J Nurs Stud. 2018 Nov;87:34-39. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.07.002. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Low-value care in nursing: A systematic assessment of clinical practice guidelines.

Author information

1
Radboud University Medical Center, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, IQ Healthcare, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: Eva.verkerk@radboudumc.nl.
2
Radboud University Medical Center, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, IQ Healthcare, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: Getty.Huisman-deWaal@radboudumc.nl.
3
Radboud University Medical Center, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, IQ Healthcare, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: Hester.vermeulen@radboudumc.nl.
4
Radboud University Medical Center, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, IQ Healthcare, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: Gert.Westert@radboudumc.nl.
5
Radboud University Medical Center, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, IQ Healthcare, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: Tijn.Kool@radboudumc.nl.
6
Radboud University Medical Center, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, IQ Healthcare, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: Simone.vanDulmen@radboudumc.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Low-value care provides little or no benefit to the patient, causes harm and wastes limited resources. Reducing it is therefore important for safer and more sustainable care.

OBJECTIVES:

We systematically assessed nursing low-value care practices in Dutch clinical practice guidelines with the aim to facilitate and stimulate nurses to reduce this low-value care.

METHODS:

We screened Dutch clinical practice guidelines for do-not-do recommendations stating that specific nursing care should be avoided. We combined similar recommendations and categorized them by specialism-related groups of nurses, the settings where care took place, and the kind of care according to the Fundamentals of Care framework.

RESULTS:

We found 66 nursing do-not-do recommendations in 125 clinical practice guidelines, for example, 'Do not use physical restraints in case of a delirium'. Most recommendations were relevant for intensive care nurses (n = 23) and the hospital care setting (n = 49). The majority of recommendations concerned the element safety, prevention and medication of the Fundamentals of Care framework (n = 38).

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the first systematic assessment of low-value nursing care in clinical practice guidelines. The majority of the 66 low-value care practices are not mentioned in other low-value care lists and are therefore new targets for de-implementation. The next step to reducing low-value care should be to create awareness amongst nurses, stimulate the dialogue on de-implementation in practice and facilitate quality improvement projects to quantify and reduce nursing low-value care.

KEYWORDS:

De-implementation; Evidence-based practice; Guidelines; Low-value care; Medical overuse quality improvement

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