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Health Place. 2018 Sep;53:34-42. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.07.010. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Longitudinal deprivation trajectories and risk of cardiovascular disease in New Zealand.

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Centre of Methods and Policy Application in the Social Sciences (COMPASS), Faculty of Arts, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:
School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK.
School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK.
Section of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.


We used longitudinal information on area deprivation status to explore the relationship between residential-deprivation mobility and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Data from 2,418,397 individuals who were: enrolled in any Primary Health Organisation within New Zealand (NZ) during at least 1 of 34 calendar quarters between 1st January 2006 and 30th June 2014; aged between 30 and 84 years (inclusive) at the start of the study period; had no prior history of CVD; and had recorded address information were analysed. Including a novel trajectory analysis, our findings suggest that movers are healthier than stayers. The deprivation characteristics of the move have a larger impact on the relative risk of CVD for younger movers than for older movers. For older movers any kind of move is associated with a decreased risk of CVD.


Cardiovascular disease; Deprivation; Mobility; New Zealand; Trajectories

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