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Aging Clin Exp Res. 2018 Oct;30(10):1151-1159. doi: 10.1007/s40520-018-1013-y. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Own attitude toward aging among nursing home residents: results of the SENIOR cohort.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Health Economics, WHO Collaborating Center for Public Health Aspects of Musculoskeletal Health and Ageing, University of Liège, CHU-Sart-Tilman, B23, Quartier Hôpital, Avenue Hippocrate, 13, 4000, Liège, Belgium. fanny.buckinx@ulg.ac.be.
2
Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Health Economics, WHO Collaborating Center for Public Health Aspects of Musculoskeletal Health and Ageing, University of Liège, CHU-Sart-Tilman, B23, Quartier Hôpital, Avenue Hippocrate, 13, 4000, Liège, Belgium.
3
Psychology of Aging Unit, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Stereotypes associated with aging are of great concern as extensive literature emphasizes its deleterious effects on physical and mental health of the elderly.

AIM:

To assess the relationship between the attitude toward aging and the frailty status of nursing homes residents.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional analysis of the data collected at baseline in the SENIOR cohort was conducted. All subjects received a diagnosis of frailty based on the Fried's criteria. They also responded to the Attitude to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ) and other questions assessing their subjective age, the age at which someone stops being considered young or is considered old and the open-ended Image-of-Aging question to evaluate the relationship between their perception of aging and their frailty status.

RESULTS:

272 nursing home residents (83.9 ± 8.19 years; 75% women) participated in this study. Out of them, 54 (19.9%) were frail, 182 (66.9%) were pre-frail, and 36 (13.2%) were robust. According to the AAQ questionnaire, frail subjects have a more negative perception of aging (score of 80.3 ± 10.2 points) than pre-frail subjects (83.6 ± 10.8) and robust subjects (86.5 ± 10.5) (p = 0.02). However, the three groups did not differ in the age that would mark, to their opinion, the end of youth (p = 0.93) or the beginning of old age (p = 0.98). The subjective age, rapported by nursing home residents, was not significantly different according to their frailty status. At least, based on the Open-Ended Image of Aging question, the residents' vision of aging was not different according to the frailty status (p = 0.52).

CONCLUSION:

Based on the AAQ, frail subjects have more negative attitude to ageing compared to non-frail ones.

KEYWORDS:

Ageism; Attitude to ageing; Frailty; Nursing home

PMID:
30051416
DOI:
10.1007/s40520-018-1013-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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