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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2018 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/5584_2018_241. [Epub ahead of print]

Molecular Mechanisms of Vaspin Action - From Adipose Tissue to Skin and Bone, from Blood Vessels to the Brain.

Author information

1
Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
2
Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
3
Structure and Function of Proteins, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany.
4
Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. jheiker@uni-leipzig.de.
5
Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. jheiker@uni-leipzig.de.

Abstract

Visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin) or SERPINA12 according to the serpin nomenclature was identified together with other genes and gene products that were specifically expressed or overexpressed in the intra-abdominal or visceral adipose tissue (AT) of the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty rat. These rats spontaneously develop visceral obesity, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia and -glycemia, as well as hypertension and thus represent a well suited animal model of obesity and related metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes.The follow-up study reporting the cloning, expression and functional characterization of vaspin suggested the great and promising potential of this molecule to counteract obesity induced insulin resistance and inflammation and has since initiated over 300 publications, clinical and experimental, that have contributed to uncover the multifaceted functions and molecular mechanisms of vaspin action not only in the adipose, but in many different cells, tissues and organs. This review will give an update on mechanistic and structural aspects of vaspin with a focus on its serpin function, the physiology and regulation of vaspin expression, and will summarize the latest on vaspin function in various tissues such as the different adipose tissue depots as well as the vasculature, skin, bone and the brain.

KEYWORDS:

Adiposity; Atherosclerosis; Crystal structure; Exosite; Inflammation; Insulin resistance; Metabolic syndrome; Serine proteases; Serpin

PMID:
30051323
DOI:
10.1007/5584_2018_241

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