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Joints. 2018 Jun 22;6(2):85-89. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1661339. eCollection 2018 Jun.

Use of an Elastomeric Knee Brace in Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: Short-Term Results.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.
2
Department of Knee Surgery, Gaetano Pini Hospital, Milan, Italy.
3
Orthopaedic and Traumatology Unit, Nuoro Hospital, Nuoro, Italy.
4
Allied Health Research Unit, School of Health Sciences, College of Health and Wellbeing, University of Central Lancashire, Lancashire, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Purpose  This article verifies the effectiveness of a new brace on patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) in adjunct to a specifically developed rehabilitation program. Methods  Two groups of 30 patients with PFPS were prospectively and randomly allocated to a rehabilitation protocol, with (group A) or without (group B) the use of a specific brace. All the patients were assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months using the disease-specific Kujala scale and a visual analog scale (VAS) for pain; time to return to sport and patient satisfaction with the brace were also recorded. Results  Kujala scale's values showed constant and progressive improvement. The mean score at 6 months was 79.8 ± 6.8 points in group A and 76.8 ± 8.6 in group B, rising at 12 months to 80.9 ± 7.5 in group A and 78.4 ± 8.3 in group B. VAS scores significantly differed ( p  < 0.05) between the two groups at both 6 and 12 months; the score recorded at 12 months was 0.9 ± 1.3 in the brace-treated group and 1.8 ± 1.6 in the controls. The patients who used a brace showed a quicker return to sports and 75% of the patients in this group were satisfied. Conclusion  All the scores improved progressively in both groups. The most significant improvement concerned pain, showing that the brace used in this study may allow a better subjective outcome and a quicker return to sport. Level of Evidence  Level II, prospective randomized controlled trial.

KEYWORDS:

athletes; braces; knee joint; patellofemoral pain syndrome

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