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Sensors (Basel). 2018 Jul 26;18(8). pii: E2431. doi: 10.3390/s18082431.

Disaster Management System Aided by Named Data Network of Things: Architecture, Design, and Analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Telecom and Information Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, Punjab 47080, Pakistan. hannan.comsats@gmail.com.
2
Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Telecom and Information Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, Punjab 47080, Pakistan. sobia.arshad@uettaxila.edu.pk.
3
Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Telecom and Information Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, Punjab 47080, Pakistan. awais.azam@uettaxila.edu.pk.
4
School of Computing and Engineering, University of West London, London W5 5RF, UK. jonathan.loo@uwl.ac.uk.
5
Department of Computer Science, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458, USA. sh.ahmed@ieee.org.
6
Department of Computer Science, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Sheringal, Upper Dir 18000, Pakistan. m.faran.majeed@ieee.org.
7
Department of Information Communication Engineering, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul 02450, Korea. shah@hufs.ac.kr.

Abstract

Disasters are the uncertain calamities which within no time can change the situation quite drastically. They not only affect the system's infrastructure but can also put an adverse effect on human life. A large chunk of the IP-based Internet of Things (IoT) schemes tackle disasters such as fire, earthquake, and flood. Moreover, recently proposed Named Data Networking (NDN) architecture exhibited promising results for IoT as compare to IP-based approaches. Therefore to tackle disaster management system (DMS), it is needed to explore it through NDN architecture and this is the main motivation behind this work. In this research, a NDN based IoT-DMS (fire disaster) architecture is proposed, named as NDN-DISCA. In NDN-DISCA, NDN producer pushes emergency content towards nearby consumers. To provide push support, Beacon Alert Message (BAM) is created using fixed sequence number. NDN-DISCA is simulated in ndnSIM considering the disaster scenario of IoT-based smart campus (SC). From results, it is found that NDN-DISCA exhibits minimal delay and improved throughput when compared to the legacy NDN and existing PUSH schemes.

KEYWORDS:

Beacon Alert Message; Disaster Management System; IoT; NDN; Push-Support

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