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Biosci Rep. 2018 Sep 19;38(5). pii: BSR20180571. doi: 10.1042/BSR20180571. Print 2018 Oct 31.

microRNA-98 inhibits the proliferation, invasion, migration and promotes apoptosis of breast cancer cells by binding to HMGA2.

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Department of Breast Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116000, P.R. China.
Department of Breast Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116000, P.R. China


Breast cancer is a major contributor leading to cancer death in females worldwide. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of microRNA-98 (miR-98) on the processes of cell proliferation, invasion, migration and apoptosis by binding to high-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) in breast cancer. Breast cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues were collected from 112 patients suffering from breast cancer. The target relationship between miR-98 and HMGA2 was verified by in connection with the bioinformatics website as well as a dual-luciferase reporter assay, both of which provided evidence indicating that HMGA2 was a target gene of miR-98. Human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with miR-98 mimics, miR-98 inhibitors, siRNA-HMGA2 or miR-98 inhibitors + siRNA-HMGA2. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and flow cytometry methods were performed to determine cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis, respectively, while a Transwell assay was employed to detect cell migration and invasion. Breast cancer tissues exhibited decreased miR-98 expression, while increased expression levels of HMGA2 were recorded. The mRNA and protein expressions of HMGA2, cell proliferation, cells at the S phase, cell migration, invasion, expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)2 as well as MMP9 were all reduced in response to miR-98 mimics or siRNA-HMGA2, while a contradictory trend was observed in the miR-98 inhibitors group. In conclusion, the results of the study demonstrate that miR-98 inhibits cell proliferation, migration and invasion, while acting to promote apoptosis by negatively regulating HMGA2 in breast cancer.


Breast cancer; High mobility group AT-hook 2; Invasion; Migration; Proliferation; microRNA-98

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