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Eur J Biochem. 1986 Feb 3;154(3):569-79.

Nucleotide sequence and transcription of the fbc operon from Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides. Evaluation of the deduced amino acid sequences of the FeS protein, cytochrome b and cytochrome c1.


The fbc operon from Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides encodes the three redox carriers of the ubiquinol-cytochrome-c reductase (b/c1 complex): FeS protein, cytochrome b and cytochrome c1 [Gabellini, N. et al. (1985) EMBO J.2, 549-553]. The nucleotide sequence of 3874 bp of cloned R. sphaeroides chromosomal DNA, including the three structural genes fbcF, fbcB and fbcC has been determined. The reading frames of the fbc genes could be identified readily since the encoded amino acid sequences are highly homologous with the sequences of the corresponding mitochondrial polypeptides. Initiation and termination points for transcription have been investigated by S1 nuclease protection analysis. The transcription of the fbc operon starts approximately 240 base pairs upstream from the start codon of the fbcF gene and terminates 120 base pairs downstream from the stop codon of the fbcC gene. Nucleotide sequences resembling recognition signals for the binding and release of the RNA polymerase were identified. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the mature cytochrome c1 was obtained by automated Edman degradation of the isolated subunit, confirming the fbcC reading frame and indicating that the bacterial preapocytochrome c1 has a transient leader sequence including 21 residues. The N-terminal sequence of one hydrophilic peptide of the FeS protein has been also obtained confirming the fbcF reading frame. The deduced amino acid sequences are discussed in relation to the known primary structures of the homologous proteins from mitochondria and chloroplasts. The primary structures of the polypeptides are evaluated with respect to their topology in the membrane, their biogenesis, the structure of the catalytic sites and subunit interactions.

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