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Nutrition. 2018 Oct;54:189-196. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2018.03.055. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Micellar solubilisation enhances the antiinflammatory activities of curcumin and boswellic acids in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis.

Author information

1
Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address: mtkhayyal@gmail.com.
2
National Centre for Radiation Research and Technology, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt.
3
Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.
4
AQUANOVA AG, Darmstadt, Germany.
5
Zentrallaboratorium Deutscher Apotheker, Eschborn, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Native extracts of curcumin and boswellia are known to exert antiinflammatory properties but have poor bioavailability when given orally. Using advanced micellation technology, it has been possible to produce stable solubilisates of these extracts with markedly enhanced bioavailability. In the present study, we compared the chronic antiinflammatory activities of native and micellar curcumin in the rat adjuvant arthritis model, using diclofenac as a reference drug.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES:

Adjuvant arthritis was induced by injecting Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) into the right hind paw of rats and monitoring paw volume over 3 wk. The drugs were given daily for 3 wk, starting from the day of adjuvant inoculation. The serum was collected at end of the experiment for the assay of inflammatory and oxidative stress parameters. Statistical comparisons between different groups were carried out by one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey-Kramer multiple comparison test.

RESULTS:

Solubilized curcumin showed better antiinflammatory activity than its native form. The reduction in paw volume was reflected in corresponding changes in relevant mediators of inflammation like tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and lipid peroxidation markers. The combination of curcumin and boswellia solubilisates synergistically produced an even more potent therapeutic effect.

CONCLUSION:

The findings confirm that micellar solubilisation of curcumin and boswellia not only increases their bioavailability, but also enhances their biological activity. Micellar curcumin, in particular in combination with micellar boswellia, may thus represent a promising concomitant tool for antiinflammatory treatment and a potential antiinflammatory alternative to synthetic drugs.

KEYWORDS:

Arthritis; Boswellia; Curcumin; Inflammation; Micelles; Oxidative stress

PMID:
30048884
DOI:
10.1016/j.nut.2018.03.055

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