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Endocr Pract. 2018 Jul;24(7):615-621. doi: 10.4158/EP-2017-0254.

ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN TRIGLYCERIDE/HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL RATIO AND MICRO- AND MACROANGIOPATHIES IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The triglyceride (TG) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio has been reported to be a marker of insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between the TG/HDL-C ratio and micro- and macroangiopathies in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).

METHODS:

A total of 1,981 (851 male and 1,130 female) patients with type 2 DM were enrolled from our outpatient clinic. These patients were stratified into 4 groups according to TG/HDL-C ratio quartiles.

RESULTS:

There were significant trends for stepwise increases in albuminuria ≥30 mg/g ( P<.001), coronary artery disease (CAD, P = .040), cerebrovascular disease (CVA, P = .002) and ankle-brachial index (ABI) <0.9 ( P = .001) corresponding to TG/HDL-C ratio quartiles, but not diabetic retinopathy ( P = .105). Furthermore, quartile 4 of the TG/HDL-C ratio was significantly associated with albuminuria, CAD, CVA, and ABI <0.9 after multivariate analysis compared to quartile 1.

CONCLUSION:

A high TG/HDL-C ratio was significantly associated with albuminuria, CAD, CVA, and peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) in patients with DM, which translated into an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

ABBREVIATIONS:

ABI = ankle-brachial index; ACEI = angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor; ARB = angiotensin II receptor blocker; BMI = body mass index; CAD = coronary artery disease; CI = confidence interval; CVA = cerebrovascular disease; DM = diabetes mellitus, DR = diabetic retinopathy; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate; HbA1c = glycated hemoglobin A1c; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; OR = odds ratio; PAOD = peripheral artery occlusive disease; TGs = triglycerides.

PMID:
30048164
DOI:
10.4158/EP-2017-0254

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