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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 Aug 22;10(33):27764-27770. doi: 10.1021/acsami.8b07362. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Fabrication of Lithiophilic Copper Foam with Interfacial Modulation toward High-Rate Lithium Metal Anodes.

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Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering , Southeast University , Nanjing 211189 , China.


Although metallic lithium is regarded as an ideal anode material for high-energy-density batteries, the low cycling efficiency and safety issues hinder its practical application. In this study, a three-dimensional (3D) lithium composite anode was developed through infusing molten lithium inside the Cu foam anchored by ZnO nanoparticles. The introduced ZnO layer provides the driving force for infusion, leading to the spontaneous wetting of molten lithium. Benefiting from well-confined preloaded lithium in the Cu network, the anode displays ultralow internal resistance and stabilized interface. The fabricated anode for the symmetric cell shows extraordinarily low overpotential at high current densities (15, 33, and 50 mV at 3, 5, and 8 mA cm-2 after 100 cycles, respectively). When paired with Li4Ti5O12 electrode, the half-type cell demonstrates superior rate capability and long-term cycling stability after 1000 cycles at an ultrahigh rate of 10C. To the best of our knowledge, this anode shows the lowest overpotential and the highest rate capacity ever reported for 3D design anodes, confirming their great potential as lithium metal anodes.


ZnO layer; dendrites; lithiophilic; lithium metal anode; low overpotential; porous structure


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