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Nano Converg. 2018;5(1):17. doi: 10.1186/s40580-018-0149-y. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Boron nitride nanotubes: synthesis and applications.

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1Applied Quantum Composites Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Wanju, 55324 Republic of Korea.
2Department of Bionanosystem Engineering, Graduate School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, 54896 Republic of Korea.
3Division of Mechanical Design Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, 54896 Republic of Korea.


Boron nitride nanotube (BNNT) has similar tubular nanostructure as carbon nanotube (CNT) in which boron and nitrogen atoms arranged in a hexagonal network. Owing to the unique atomic structure, BNNT has numerous excellent intrinsic properties such as superior mechanical strength , high thermal conductivity, electrically insulating behavior, piezoelectric property, neutron shielding capability, and oxidation resistance. Since BNNT was first synthesized in 1995, developing efficient BNNT production route has been a significant issue due to low yield and poor quality in comparison with CNT, thus limiting its practical uses. However, many great successes in BNNT synthesis have been achieved in recent years, enabling access to this material and paving the way for the development of promising applications. In this article, we discussed current progress in the production of boron nitride nanotube, focusing on the most common and effective methods that have been well established so far. In addition, we presented various applications of BNNT including polymer composite reinforcement, thermal management packages, piezo actuators, and neutron shielding nanomaterial.


Applications; Boron nitride nanotubes; Scalable synthesis; Synthesis methods

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