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Biochemistry. 1985 Dec 31;24(27):8094-101.

Stereochemistry of the guanyl nucleotide binding site of transducin probed by phosphorothioate analogues of GTP and GDP.

Abstract

The stereochemistry of the guanyl nucleotide binding site of transducin from bovine retinal rod outer segments was probed with phosphorothioate analogues of GTP and GDP. Transducin has markedly different affinities for the five thio analogues of GTP, as measured by their effectiveness in inhibiting GTPase activity, competing with GTP for entry into transducin, and displacing GDP bound to transducin. The order of binding affinities is GTP gamma S = (Sp)-GTP alpha S greater than (Rp)-GTP alpha S greater than (Sp)-GTP beta S much greater than (Rp)-GTP beta S. The affinity of transducin for GTP gamma S is greater than 10(4) higher than that for (Rp)-GTP beta S. These five analogues have the same relative potencies in eliciting the release of transducin from the membrane and in activating the phosphodiesterase. Transducin hydrolyzes (Sp)-GTP alpha S with a l/e time of 55 s, compared with 28 s for GTP. In contrast, (Rp)-GTP alpha S, like GTP gamma S, is not hydrolyzed on the time scale of several hours. The order of effectiveness of thio analogues of GDP in displacing bound GDP is (Sp)-GDP alpha S greater than GDP greater than (Rp)-GDP alpha S greater than GDP beta S. The affinity of transducin for (Sp)-GDP alpha S is about 10-fold higher than that for GDP beta S. Mg2+ is required for the binding of GTP and GDP to transducin. Cd2+ does not lead to a reversal of stereospecificity at either the alpha- or beta-phosphorus atom of GTP. These results lead to the following conclusions: The pro-R oxygen atom at the alpha-phosphorus of GTP does not bind Mg2+ but instead interacts with the protein. The pro-S oxygen at the alpha-phosphorus does not appear to be involved in a critical interaction with transducin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
3004574
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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