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Trauma Violence Abuse. 2018 Jul 25:1524838018789157. doi: 10.1177/1524838018789157. [Epub ahead of print]

What can Campuses Learn From Community Sexual Assault Response Teams? Literature Review of Teams' Purpose, Activities, Membership, and Challenges.

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1 University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.
2 University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA.


Sexual assault is a public health issue, with college-age students reporting high levels of victimization. Following an increase in national attention and federal initiatives, college and universities' sexual assault response efforts are being examined. The practice of community sexual assault response teams (SARTs) may provide campuses with a model strategy to coordinate campus and community service delivery and planning, still underdeveloped or missing at many institutions. This literature review summarizes in side-by-side fashion the most current empirical literature about community SARTs and campus team approaches (CTAs) in four domains: (1) defined purpose, (2) activities to achieve purpose, (3) membership, and (4) challenges to functioning. Two searches were conducted. The community SART inclusion criteria were (a) an empirical study focusing on community SARTs as the level of analysis, (b) located in the United States, (c) published between 2010 and 2017, and (d) written in English. The inclusion criteria for the CTA were (a) an empirical study on CTAs to sexual assault and/or intimate partner violence as the level of analysis and (b) written in English. Eight articles met the criteria for community SARTs, and six articles met the criteria for CTAs. Differences between community SARTs and CTAs included community SARTs shared and more discretely defined purpose and subsequent activities. Further directions offered for the conceptual and practical development of a CTA to address sexual assault include the need for clearer definition of a team's purpose leading to response-focused coordination of activities.


campus team approaches; campuses; challenges; membership; purpose; sexual assault; sexual assault response teams


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