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Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(30):e11719. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000011719.

Monoclonal gammopathies regardless of subtypes are associated with poor prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: A STROBE-compliant article.

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Department of Hematology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.


Monoclonal gammopathy (MG), a positive result of serum immunofixation electrophoresis (SIFE), has been reported in cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We performed this study to further investigate the prognostic value of MG in DLBCL.We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed with DLBCL between January 2007 and December 2014, and identified 37 patients with MG. The clinical characteristics of these patients were then reviewed. A 1:2 case-control analysis was conducted on 74 matched controls, who were patients with DLBCL and without MG. Both cases and controls were age-matched and were diagnosed within the same year.Among 37 DLBCL patients with MG, the monoclonal component of IgM was the most frequent compared to the other subtypes. Laboratory tests showed that the presence of MG was correlated with a decreased platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). Survival analysis showed that MG-secreting DLBCL patients had an inferior overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), compared with MG-nonsecreting patients, regardless of MG subtype. However, treatment response analysis showed that MG was not a good indicator for tumor relapse. When patients with DLBCL were grouped by immunophenotype, we found that MG was associated with poor prognosis in the non-germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) type, rather than GCB type in OS analysis. Meanwhile, there was no statistical significance upon PFS analysis in both immunophenotypes. Furthermore, our study found that the appearance of MG during treatment did make prognostic sense compared to nonsecretors.Overall, MG can serve as a prognostic factor for DLBCL. We hypothesize that its presence in DLBCL may reflect the immune microenvironment in tumor progression and warrants further study to unveil the underlying molecular pathogenesis.

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