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Mol Biol Cell. 2018 Sep 15;29(19):2280-2291. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E18-05-0296. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Key phosphorylation events in Spc29 and Spc42 guide multiple steps of yeast centrosome duplication.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309.
2
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616.
3
Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.
4
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, Kansas City, MO 64110.
5
Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160.

Abstract

Phosphorylation modulates many cellular processes during cell cycle progression. The yeast centrosome (called the spindle pole body, SPB) is regulated by the protein kinases Mps1 and Cdc28/Cdk1 as it nucleates microtubules to separate chromosomes during mitosis. Previously we completed an SPB phosphoproteome, identifying 297 sites on 17 of the 18 SPB components. Here we describe mutagenic analysis of phosphorylation events on Spc29 and Spc42, two SPB core components that were shown in the phosphoproteome to be heavily phosphorylated. Mutagenesis at multiple sites in Spc29 and Spc42 suggests that much of the phosphorylation on these two proteins is not essential but enhances several steps of mitosis. Of the 65 sites examined on both proteins, phosphorylation of the Mps1 sites Spc29-T18 and Spc29-T240 was shown to be critical for function. Interestingly, these two sites primarily influence distinct successive steps; Spc29-T240 is important for the interaction of Spc29 with Spc42, likely during satellite formation, and Spc29-T18 facilitates insertion of the new SPB into the nuclear envelope and promotes anaphase spindle elongation. Phosphorylation sites within Cdk1 motifs affect function to varying degrees, but mutations only have significant effects in the presence of an MPS1 mutation, supporting a theme of coregulation by these two kinases.

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