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Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2018 Sep 19:1-16. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2018.1504487. [Epub ahead of print]

The effectiveness of an integrated BIM/UAV model in managing safety on construction sites.

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a Civil Engineering Department , Eastern Mediterranean University , Turkey.
b Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering , Illinois Institute of Technology , USA.



A variety of approaches exist to achieve better construction safety performance, but only a few consider a combination of building information modeling (BIM) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).


This article presents a four-dimensional (4D) BIM/UAV-enabled safety management model based on IDEF0 language. In the first step, potential hazards are identified with the help of safety specialists' experiences and BIM software used in the design of the structure. Then, a UAV monitors the location of the potential hazards. The third step involves the integration of the 4D BIM-based model and the information obtained from the UAV. Finally, the combined data are analyzed and interpreted, and site safety staff are notified about measures to be put in place to prevent accidents.


This model shows a strong relationship between the design and construction phases by using BIM in the design phase and UAVs in the construction phase. The proposed safety model was evaluated by construction safety specialists in a two-pronged approach.


The number of fatal, non-fatal and property damage-causing accidents may be significantly lower when the proposed system was used. Practical application. This model allows safety specialists to identify hazards and develop suitable mitigation strategies.


building information modeling; construction safety management; four-dimensional visualization; unmanned aerial vehicles

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