Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Child Abuse Negl. 2018 Oct;84:45-52. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.07.010. Epub 2018 Jul 21.

Cycle of violence among young Kenyan women: The link between childhood violence and adult physical intimate partner violence in a population-based survey.

Author information

1
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road Northeast, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA. Electronic address: LChiang@CDC.gov.
2
QED Group LLC, 1820 Fort Myer Drive, Suite 700, Arlington, VA 22209, USA. Electronic address: AHoward@cdc.gov.
3
Partners for a Healthier Community, Inc., The Public Health Institute of Western Massachusetts, P.O. Box 4895, Springfield, MA 01101, USA. Electronic address: JGleckel@cdc.gov.
4
Kenya Ministry of East African Community Labour and Social Protection, P.0 Box 14356 - 00100, Nairobi, Kenya. Electronic address: morangiog@gmail.com.
5
UNICEF East and Southern Africa Regional Office, P.O. Box 44145-00100, Nairobi, Kenya. Electronic address: jkarlsson@unicef.org.
6
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road Northeast, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA. Electronic address: MHynes@cdc.gov.
7
Division of Global HIV/AIDS & Tuberculosis, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, PO Box 606-00621 Nairobi, Kenya. Electronic address: MMwangi@cdc.gov.

Abstract

The aim of the current analysis is to elucidate the link between childhood experiences of violence and physical intimate partner violence in young adulthood in a national survey of young Kenyan women. In 2010, we conducted the Violence against Children Survey in Kenya, collecting retrospective reports from 13 to 24 year old males and females (N = 2928). The analysis presented here focused on females aged 18-24 who ever had an intimate partner (n = 566). Young Kenyan women had statistically higher odds of experiencing physical intimate partner violence (IPV) in young adulthood if they had experienced any childhood violence (including sexual, emotional, or physical) [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 3.1 CI: 1.2-7.9, p = 0.02)], any childhood sexual violence (AOR = 2.5, CI 1.3-4.9, p = 0.006), or unwanted completed sex (including pressured or forced sex prior to age 18) (AOR = 4.3, CI: 2.3-8.3, p < 0.0001). Exposure to two (AOR = 3.9, CI: 1.2-12.2, p = 0.02) or three (AOR = 5.0, CI: 1.4-18.1, p = 0.01) types of violence in childhood was also associated with a significantly higher odds of experiencing adult physical IPV. Childhood violence is associated with increased odds of adult physical IPV among young women; efforts to prevent violence against children and provide appropriate care and support to adult survivors are critical to interrupt this cycle of violence.

KEYWORDS:

Intimate partner violence; Kenya; Revictimization; Sexual violence; Violence against children

PMID:
30041058
PMCID:
PMC6139638
[Available on 2019-10-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.07.010

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center