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J Phys Chem B. 2018 Dec 13;122(49):11100-11107. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.8b05340. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Peroxynitrite Detoxification by Human Haptoglobin:Hemoglobin Complexes: A Comparative Study.

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Interdepartmental Laboratory for Electron Microscopy , Roma Tre University , Via della Vasca Navale 79 , I-00146 Roma , Italy.
Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine , University of Roma "Tor Vergata" , Via Montpellier 1 , I-00133 Roma , Italy.
Interuniversity Consortium for the Research on the Chemistry of Metals in Biological Systems , Via Celso Ulpiani 27 , I-70126 Bari , Italy.


Haptoglobin (Hp) reacts with dimeric hemoglobin (Hb), shifts the equilibrium in favor of the αβ dimer and displays heme-based catalysis. Here, kinetics of peroxynitrite scavenging by ferric human haptoglobin1-1:hemoglobin and haptoglobin2-2:hemoglobin complexes (Hp1-1:Hb(III) and Hp2-2:Hb(III), respectively) is reported between pH 6.2 and 8.3 at 20.0 °C. The reactivity of Hp1-1:Hb(III) and Hp2-2:Hb(III) against peroxynitrite is similar to that of tetrameric Hb(III), reflecting the R-like structure of the αβ dimers of Hb(III) bound to Hp. To investigate the protective role of Hp1-1:Hb(III) and Hp2-2:Hb(III) against peroxynitrite-mediated nitration, the relative yield of nitro-l-tyrosine formed by the reaction of peroxynitrite with free l-tyrosine was determined. Interestingly, both Hp1-1:Hb(III) and Hp2-2:Hb(III) impair peroxynitrite-mediated nitration of free l-tyrosine. Therefore, Hp:Hb complexes could participate to the detoxification of reactive nitrogen and oxygen species in vivo, contributing to prevent extra-erythrocytic Hb-induced damage during hemolytic crisis.


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