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Somat Cell Mol Genet. 1986 Jan;12(1):13-20.

Immortalization of xeroderma pigmentosum cells by simian virus 40 DNA having a defective origin of DNA replication.


A simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA fragment, encompassing the whole early region and having a defective origin of DNA replication, has been used to transform human fibroblast cells derived from two xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) patients. Two of the SV40-transformed XP cell lines, belonging to complementation group C, had acquired the characteristic of indefinite life-span in culture. These XP cell lines synthesize T antigen as shown by immunofluorescence and retain the high sensitivity to UV irradiation. Detailed karyotype analysis shows very few chromosomal changes, while the transfecting SV40 DNA is integrated into cellular DNA sequences. These are the first immortalized XP cell lines derived from complementation group C. In view of the extreme difficulty in obtaining immortalized human fibroblasts, we suggest a possible advantage of replication defective SV40 DNA molecules for immortalizing human fibroblast cells of any source.

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