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Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2018 Sep;14(9):1402-1408. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2018.06.006. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Adiponectin gene variant RS rs266729: Relation to lipid profile changes and circulating adiponectin after bariatric surgery.

Author information

1
Center of Investigation of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Medicine School, Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clinico Universitario, University of Valladolid, Department Surgery Hospital Universitario Rio Hortega, Valladolid, Spain.
2
Center of Investigation of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Medicine School, Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clinico Universitario, University of Valladolid, Department Surgery Hospital Universitario Rio Hortega, Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address: dadluis@yahoo.es.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

ADIPOQ rs266729 have been associated with body mass index and metabolic parameters.

OBJECTIVES:

Our aim was to assess the contribution of this genetic variant on lipid profile and serum adiponectin levels after biliopancreatic diversion surgery in morbidly obese patients in a 3-year prospective study.

SETTING:

Tertiary Hospital.

METHODS:

A prospective cohort study (sample) of 149 patients with morbid obesity was evaluated. Biochemical and anthropometric parameters were studied at baseline and every year for a 3-year-follow-up period.

RESULTS:

Percentage of excess weight loss (65.9% versus 66.0%:ns), body mass index, weight, waist circumference, fat mass, blood pressure, fasting glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and triglyceride levels improved in both genotype groups. A decrease in fasting insulin levels, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides was higher in non-G-allele carriers than G-allele carriers. The increase of adiponectin levels (at 1 yr) found after 1 (delta: 16.2 ± 3.1 ng/mL versus 2.1 ± 1.0 ng/mL; P = .02), 2 (delta: 24.2 ± 3.1 ng/mL versus 3.1 ± 1.1 ng/mL; P = .02), and 3 years (delta: 33.2 ± 3.9 ng/mL versus 4.7 ± 1.8 ng/mL; P = .01) was higher in non-G-allele carriers than G carriers. At all times, adiponectin levels were higher in patients with genotype CC.

CONCLUSIONS:

Non-G allele of ADIPOQ gene variant (rs266729) is associated with increases in adiponectin levels and better improvement of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance after biliopancreatic diversion massive weight loss than G-allele carriers.

KEYWORDS:

Adiponectin gene; Biliopancreatic Diversion; Cholesterol; Insulin resistance; Morbid obesity; Triglycerides; rs266729

PMID:
30037702
DOI:
10.1016/j.soard.2018.06.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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