Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Antiviral Res. 2018 Sep;157:151-158. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2018.07.010. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

The natural compound silvestrol inhibits hepatitis E virus (HEV) replication in vitro and in vivo.

Author information

1
Ruhr-University Bochum, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Medical Virology, Germany; Institute for Experimental Virology, TWINCORE Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, a Joint Venture Between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Feodor-Lynen-Str. 7, 30625, Hannover, Germany.
2
Institute for Experimental Virology, TWINCORE Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, a Joint Venture Between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Feodor-Lynen-Str. 7, 30625, Hannover, Germany.
3
Laboratory of Liver Infectious Diseases, Department of Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Center for Vaccinology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
4
Laboratory of Liver Infectious Diseases, Department of Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Center for Vaccinology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Microbiology and Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Assuit University, Assuit, Egypt.
5
Institute for Experimental Virology, TWINCORE Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, a Joint Venture Between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Feodor-Lynen-Str. 7, 30625, Hannover, Germany; Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Germany.
6
Department of Virology, University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany; Laboratory of Virology and Infectious Disease, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA.
7
Ruhr-University Bochum, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Medical Virology, Germany; Institute for Experimental Virology, TWINCORE Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, a Joint Venture Between the Medical School Hannover (MHH) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Feodor-Lynen-Str. 7, 30625, Hannover, Germany. Electronic address: eike.steinmann@rub.de.

Abstract

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent of hepatitis E in humans and a member of the genus Orthohepevirus in the family Hepeviridae. HEV infections are the common cause of acute hepatitis but can also take chronic courses. Ribavirin is the treatment of choice for most patients and type I interferon (IFN) has been evaluated in a few infected transplantation patients in vivo. However, no effective and specific treatments against HEV infections are currently available. In this study, we evaluated the natural compound silvestrol, isolated from the plant Aglaia foveolata, and known for its specific inhibition of the DEAD-box RNA helicase eIF4A in state-of-the-art HEV experimental model systems. Silvestrol blocked HEV replication of different subgenomic replicons in a dose-dependent manner at low nanomolar concentrations and acted additive to ribavirin (RBV). In addition, HEV p6-based full length replication and production of infectious particles was reduced in the presence of silvestrol. A pangenotypic effect of the compound was further demonstrated with primary isolates from four different human genotypes in HEV infection experiments of hepatocyte-like cells derived from human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells. In vivo, HEV RNA levels rapidly declined in the feces of treated mice while no effect was observed in the vehicle treated control animals. In conclusion, silvestrol could be identified as pangenotypic HEV replication inhibitor in vitro with additive effect to RBV and further demonstrated high potency in vivo. The compound therefore may be considered in future treatment strategies of chronic hepatitis E in immunocompromised patients.

KEYWORDS:

Antiviral activity; Hepatitis E virus (HEV); Host target; Humanized mice; Replication; Silvestrol

PMID:
30036559
DOI:
10.1016/j.antiviral.2018.07.010
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center