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Life Sci. 1986 Feb 17;38(7):577-88.

Cross-tolerance studies between caffeine and (-)-N6-(phenylisopropyl)-adenosine (PIA) in mice.

Abstract

Chronic administration of caffeine to mice (1 mg/ml in drinking water X 14 d) led to a downward shift in the dose-response curve for the locomotor effects of caffeine. Caffeine was also less effective as an antagonist against (-)-(N6-phenylisopropyl)-adenosine (PIA)-induced analgesia in the tail flick assay in these animals. The dose-response curves of PIA for both analgesia and locomotor depression were shifted to the left in animals chronically administered caffeine. In mice chronically administered PIA (1 mg/kg/d X 14 d), the dose-response curves of PIA for both analgesia and locomotor depression were shifted to the right. The dose-response curve for the locomotor effects of caffeine was shifted to the left, and caffeine exhibited greater antagonist activity against the analgesic action of PIA in these animals. There was no change in the Kd or Bmax values of either 3H-PIA or 3H-diethylphenylxanthine (DPX, a potent adenosine receptor antagonist) in mice chronically administered PIA. The Bmax values for both 3H-PIA and 3H-DPX were significantly increased, while the Kd values were not changed in mice chronically administered caffeine. There was no detectable change in the brain levels of either PIA or caffeine in animals chronically treated with either drug. The results demonstrate that chronic administration of caffeine increases the sensitivity of mice to the actions of PIA and vice versa, providing supportive evidence for the interaction of these drugs at the same receptor, which is probably an adenosine receptor.

PMID:
3003486
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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