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Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2018 Oct;48:28-35. doi: 10.1016/j.iccn.2018.07.002. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Burnout and resilience in critical care nurses: A grounded theory of Managing Exposure.

Author information

1
Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care, King's College London, James Clerk Maxwell Building, 57 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8WA, United Kingdom. Electronic address: jennifer.jackson@kcl.ac.uk.
2
Faculty of Health Disciplines, Athabasca University, Canada.
3
School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Canada.
4
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Many critical care nurses experience burnout; however, resilience shows promise as a potential solution to burnout. This study was conducted to better understand nurse burnout and resilience in response to workplace adversity in critical care.

DESIGN:

A grounded theory investigation, using the Corbin and Strauss methodology. Participants engaged in qualitative, open-ended interviews about burnout and resilience.

SETTING:

A multi-site, urban, teaching hospital in Canada.

PARTICIPANTS:

11 female critical care nurses, with 1-30+ years of critical care experience.

FINDINGS:

Burnout and resilience can be understood as indicators in a process of responding to workplace adversity. Workplace adversity can take many forms and has a negative impact on nurses. Nurses must be aware of this impact to take action. The process of Managing Exposure is how nurses address workplace adversity, using variety of techniques: protecting, processing, decontaminating, and distancing. The indicators of this process for nurses are thriving, resilience, survival and burnout. Organisational policies can impact on this process.

CONCLUSIONS:

Resilience and burnout are connected, as indicators of the same process for critical care nurses. Nurse leaders can intervene throughout this process to reduce workplace adversity and support resilience among nurses.

KEYWORDS:

Burnout; Critical care; Grounded theory; Nursing; Resilience

PMID:
30033214
DOI:
10.1016/j.iccn.2018.07.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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