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Anal Chim Acta. 2018 Nov 7;1030:133-141. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2018.04.071. Epub 2018 May 3.

Controlled Pore Glass-based oligonucleotide affinity support: towards High Throughput Screening methods for the identification of conformation-selective G-quadruplex ligands.

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Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, via Cintia 21, 80126, Naples, Italy.
Department of Chemistry, University of Pavia, Viale Taramelli 12, 27100, Pavia, Italy.
Department of Pharmacy, University of Naples Federico II, via D. Montesano 49, 80131, Naples, Italy.
Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, via Cintia 21, 80126, Naples, Italy. Electronic address:


Target selectivity is one of the main challenges in the search for small molecules able to act as effective and non-toxic anticancer and/or antiviral drugs. To achieve this goal, handy, rapid and reliable High Throughput Screening methodologies are needed. We here describe a novel functionalization for the solid phase synthesis of oligonucleotides on Controlled Pore Glass, including a flexible hexaethylene glycol spacer linking the first nucleoside through the nucleobase via a covalent bond stable to the final deprotection step. This allowed us preparing fully deprotected oligonucleotides still covalently attached to their supports. In detail, on this support we performed both the on-line synthesis of different secondary structure-forming oligonucleotides and the affinity chromatography-based screenings of conformation-selective G-quadruplex ligands. By using a fluorescent core-extended naphthalene diimide with different emitting response upon binding to sequences folding into G-quadruplexes of different topologies, we have been able to discriminate not only G-quadruplex vs. duplex DNA structures, but also different G-quadruplex conformations on the glass beads by confocal microscopy.


Affinity chromatography; Confocal microscopy; Conformation-selective ligand; Controlled Pore Glass; G-quadruplex; Hairpin duplex


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