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Dev Comp Immunol. 2018 Nov;88:152-160. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2018.07.019. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Molecular cloning and functional characterization of a homolog of the transcriptional regulator CSL in Litopenaeus vannamei.

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Department of Biology and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Shantou University, Shantou, 515063, China.
Department of Biology and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Shantou University, Shantou, 515063, China. Electronic address:


The Notch signaling pathway transcriptional regulator, CSL (also called as CBF1, Suppressor of Hairless or Lag-1 in different species, generally designated as CSL1), is not only associated with cell proliferation and differentiation but also involved in tumorigenesis, inflammation and immune regulation in vertebrates. We recently showed that Notch signaling was involved in the immune response of Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp. However, as an important transcriptional regulator of this pathway, whether or not shrimp CSL was also involved in immune response had not been explored. Here, we cloned and characterized the CSL gene in L. vannamei (LvCSL), which has a 2271 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative protein of 756 amino acids, and contains two conserved Lag1-DNA bind as well as beta trefoil domains (BTD). LvCSL clustered with invertebrates in the phylogenetic tree and closely related to the RBP Jk X1 of Parasteatoda tepidariorum. The transcript level of LvCSL analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) showed that LvCSL was widely expressed in all tissues tested, with induced levels observed in the hepatopancreas and hemocytes following immune challenge with Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Streptoccocus iniae, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), therefore, suggesting LvCSL involvement in shrimp immune response to pathogens. Besides, LvCSL knockdown decreased the expression of proliferation-related genes (LvHey2 and LvAstakine), and attenuated the expression of immune-related genes L. vannamei hypoxia inducible factor alpha (LvHIF-α), LvLectin and L. vannamei small subunit hemocyanin (LvHMCS) in shrimp hemocytes, as well as significantly decreased total hemocyte count. Moreover, high cumulative mortality was observed in LvCSL depleted shrimp challenged with V. parahaemoliticus. In conclusion, our present data strongly suggest that LvCSL is an important factor in shrimp, vital for shrimp survival and contributing to immune resistance to pathogens.


Hemocytes proliferation; Immune resistance; Litopenaeus vannamei; LvCSL

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