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Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2018 Dec;28(12):2558-2566. doi: 10.1111/sms.13270. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Does normalization of voluntary EMG amplitude to MMAX account for the influence of electrode location and adiposity?

Author information

1
School of Sport, Exercise, and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK.
2
CAPES Foundation, Ministry of Education of Brazil, Brasilia, Brazil.

Abstract

Voluntary surface electromyography (sEMG) amplitude is known to be influenced by both electrode position and subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness, and these factors likely compromise both between- and within-individual comparisons. Normalization of voluntary sEMG amplitude to evoked maximum M-wave parameters (MMAX peak-to-peak [P-P] and Area) may remove the influence of electrode position and subcutaneous tissue thickness. The purpose of this study was to: (a) assess the influence of electrode position on voluntary, evoked (MMAX P-P and Area), and normalized sEMG measurements across the surface of the vastus lateralis (VL; experiment 1: n = 10); and (b) investigate if MMAX normalization removes the confounding influence of subcutaneous tissue thickness [muscle-electrode distance (MED) from ultrasound imaging] on sEMG amplitude (experiment 2; n = 41). Healthy young men performed maximum voluntary contractions (MVCs) and evoked twitch contractions during both experiments. Experiment 1: voluntary sEMG during MVCs was influenced by electrode location (P ≤ 0.046, ES≥1.49 "large"), but when normalized to MMAX P-P showed no differences between VL sites (P = 0.929) which was not the case when normalized to MMAX Area (P < 0.004). Experiment 2: voluntary sEMG amplitude was related to MED, which explained 31%-38% of the variance. Normalization of voluntary sEMG amplitude to MMAX P-P or MMAX Area reduced but did not consistently remove the influence of MED which still explained up to 16% (MMAX P-P) and 23% (MMAX Area) of the variance. In conclusion, MMAX P-P was the better normalization parameter for removing the influence of electrode location and substantially reduced but did not consistently remove the influence of subcutaneous adiposity.

KEYWORDS:

maximal M-wave; muscle-electrode distance; spatial location; surface electromyography; surface electromyography normalization

PMID:
30030921
DOI:
10.1111/sms.13270
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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