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BMJ Open. 2018 Jul 19;8(7):e018468. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018468.

Trends, prevalence and risk factors of overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age in Bangladesh: a pooled analysis of five national cross-sectional surveys.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
2
Department of Data Science, School of Population Health, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.
3
Programme for Emerging Infections, Infectious Diseases Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the trends, prevalence and risk factors of overweight and obesity among Bangladeshi women of reproductive age from 1999 to 2014.

DESIGN:

We analysed nationally representative data from the 1999, 2004, 2007, 2011 and 2014 cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys.

SETTING:

Bangladesh.

PARTICIPANTS:

Women aged 15-49 years.

PRIMARY OUTCOME:

Overweight/obesity.

RESULTS:

A total of 58 192 women were included in the analysis. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age increased significantly from 7.53% (95% CI 6.83 to 8.29) and 1.82% (95% CI 1.48 to 2.24) in 1999 to 28.37% (95% CI 27.49 to 29.28) and 10.77% (95% CI 10.22 to 11.35) in 2014, respectively. Age, education, wealth index, watching television and contraceptive use were associated with overweight and obesity in both urban and rural areas.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overweight and obesity prevalence increased significantly among Bangladeshi women of reproductive age between 1999 and 2014. Development of effective low-cost strategies to address the increasing burden of obesity should be a high priority.

KEYWORDS:

BDHS; Bangladesh; body mass index (BMI); obesity; overweight; trends

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