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Science. 2018 Jul 20;361(6399). pii: eaam5324. doi: 10.1126/science.aam5324.

Meat consumption, health, and the environment.

Author information

1
Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food, Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford, 34 Broad Street, Oxford OX1 3BD, UK. charles.godfray@oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk.
2
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.
3
Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food, Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford, 34 Broad Street, Oxford OX1 3BD, UK.
4
Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford OX2 6GG, UK.
5
NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford OX4 2PG, UK.
6
Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK.
7
Food Climate Research Network, Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK.
8
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.
9
School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK.
10
Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU, UK.
11
Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.

Abstract

Both the global average per capita consumption of meat and the total amount of meat consumed are rising, driven by increasing average individual incomes and by population growth. The consumption of different types of meat and meat products has substantial effects on people's health, and livestock production can have major negative effects on the environment. Here, we explore the evidence base for these assertions and the options policy-makers have should they wish to intervene to affect population meat consumption. We highlight where more research is required and the great importance of integrating insights from the natural and social sciences.

PMID:
30026199
DOI:
10.1126/science.aam5324
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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