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FASEB J. 2018 Jul 19:fj201700338. doi: 10.1096/fj.201700338. [Epub ahead of print]

A novel nutritional intervention improves lung function in overweight/obese adolescents with poorly controlled asthma: the Supplemental Nutrition in Asthma Control (SNAC) pilot study.

Author information

1
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland, Oakland, California, USA.
2
Center for Nutrition and Metabolism, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI), Oakland, California, USA.
3
Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.

Abstract

Asthma in the obese is often severe, difficult to treat, and characterized by less eosinophilic inflammation than asthma in the nonobese. Obesity-associated metabolic dysregulation may be a causal factor. We previously reported that a nutrient- and fiber-dense bar [Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI)-bar], which was designed to fill gaps in poor diets, improved metabolism in healthy overweight/obese (OW/OB) adults. In this pilot trial, OW/OB adolescents with poorly controlled asthma were randomized to weekly nutrition/exercise classes with or without twice-daily CHORI-bar consumption. Intent-to-treat analysis did not indicate CHORI-bar-specific effects. However, restricting the analysis to participants with acceptable compliance and a relatively low fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO; <50/ ppb, a surrogate for noneosinophilic asthma; study participants: CHORI-bar, n = 16; controls, n = 15) indicated that CHORI-bar-specific, significant improvements in lung function (forced vital capacity, percent-predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s, and percent-predicted forced expiratory flow between 25 and 75% of forced vital capacity), primarily in participants with low chronic inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein <1.5 mg/L). (We previously observed that chronic inflammation blunted CHORI-bar-induced metabolic improvements in healthy OW/OB adults.) Lung function improvement occurred without weight loss and was independent of improvements in metabolic and anthropometric end points and questionnaire-based measures of asthma control and quality of life. This study suggests that a nutritional intervention can improve lung function in OW/OB adolescents with asthma and relatively low FENO without requiring major changes in dietary habits, lifestyle, or weight loss and that this effect is blunted by chronic inflammation.-Bseikri, M., McCann, J. C., Lal, A., Fong, E., Graves, K., Goldrich, A., Block, D., Gildengoren, G. L., Mietus-Snyder, M., Shigenaga, M., Suh, J., Hardy, K., Ames, B. N. A novel nutritional intervention improves lung function in overweight/obese adolescents with poorly controlled asthma: the Supplemental Nutrition in Asthma Control (SNAC) pilot study.

KEYWORDS:

CHORI-bar; chronic inflammation; noneosinophilic asthma

PMID:
30024788
DOI:
10.1096/fj.201700338

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