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Biochemistry. 1985 Oct 22;24(22):6245-52.

Primary structure of the succinyl-CoA synthetase of Escherichia coli.


The primary structure of the succinyl-CoA synthetase of Escherichia coli has been deduced from the nucleotide sequence of a 2451-base-pair segment of DNA containing the corresponding sucC (beta subunit) and sucD (alpha subunit) genes. The genes are located at one end of a gene cluster that encodes several citric acid cycle enzymes: gltA-sdhCDAB-sucABCD; gltA, citrate synthase; sdh, succinate dehydrogenase; sucA and sucB, the dehydrogenase (E1) and succinyltransferase (E2) components of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex. The sucC and sucD genes are separated from the sucA and sucB genes by a 273-base-pair segment containing four palindromic units, but they appear to be expressed from a sucABCD read-through transcript that extends from the suc promoter to a potential rho-independent terminator at the distal end of sucD. The stop codon of the sucC gene overlaps the sucD initiation codon by a single nucleotide, indicating close translational coupling of the sucC and sucD genes. The sucC gene comprises 1161 base pairs (388 codons, excluding the stop codon), and it encodes a polypeptide of Mr 41 390 corresponding to the beta subunit of succinyl-CoA synthetase. The sucD gene comprises 864 base pairs (288 codons, excluding the start and stop codons), and it encodes a product of Mr 29 644, corresponding to the alpha subunit of succinyl-CoA synthetase. The alpha subunit contains a 12-residue amino acid sequence that is identical with the histidine peptide previously isolated from the phosphoenzyme. This sequence forms part of one of the two potential nucleotide binding sites detected in the alpha subunit.

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