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Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018 Jul 1;49(7):504-509. doi: 10.3928/23258160-20180628-06.

Treatment of Acute Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy With Intravitreal Steroids.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

To report on the use of intravitreal steroids in the management of acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR), a rare disorder affecting the outer retina.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Retrospective case series of nine eyes of five patients with AZOOR who received intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA), dexamethasone intravitreal implant, and/or fluocinolone acetonide implant. Treatment response was determined by reported symptoms and multimodal imaging findings. Patients were observed for at least 1 year following intravitreal steroid treatment (range: 14 months to 63 months).

RESULTS:

Seven eyes received IVTA, six eyes received the dexamethasone intravitreal implant, and one eye received the fluocinolone acetonide implant. All patients experienced disease stability or improvement based on symptomatic response and multimodal imaging findings after intravitreal steroids. One eye developed central serous retinopathy, and another eye a choroidal neovascular membrane. Five of nine eyes experienced ocular hypertension. All phakic eyes developed cataracts.

CONCLUSION:

Intravitreal steroids effectively achieved disease stability in patients with AZOOR. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018;49:504-509.].

PMID:
30021037
DOI:
10.3928/23258160-20180628-06
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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