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Virology. 1986 Jan 15;148(1):226-31.

Transactivation induced by human T-lymphotropic virus type III (HTLV III) maps to a viral sequence encoding 58 amino acids and lacks tissue specificity.


The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) retrovirus, HTLV-III/LAV, encodes a transacting factor which directly or indirectly stimulates the expression of genes linked to its LTR. To further dissect this phenomenon, we have cotransfected a biologically active molecular clone of HTLV-III and a recombinant plasmid containing an indicator gene, the bacterial gene for chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT), under the control of the HTLV-III LTR. Amplified CAT activity was detected in both lymphoid cells and fibroblasts from a number of species in the presence of the proviral DNA. Deletion experiments confirm the previous assignment of the gene required for transactivation to a region immediately 5' to the envelope gene, and further narrow down the critical functional domain to a coding sequence of 58 codons.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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