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Eat Weight Disord. 2018 Oct;23(5):561-570. doi: 10.1007/s40519-018-0547-5. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Partial sleep deprivation and food intake in participants reporting binge eating symptoms and emotional eating: preliminary results of a quasi-experimental study.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, La Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. silvia.cerolini@uniroma1.it.
2
APPEAR, Department of Applied Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.
3
Department of Psychiatric Emergency and Acute Care, Lapeyronie Hospital, CHRU Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
4
Department of Psychology, La Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Sleep deprivation consistently increases food intake. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of partial sleep deprivation on food intake in individuals reporting binge eating, controlling for self-reported depressive emotional eating. Fourteen young adults reporting binge eating symptoms and 14 controls denying any eating disorders symptoms were offered a large and varied breakfast after a night of habitual sleep (HN) and after a night of partial sleep deprivation (DN). Food intake was unobtrusively measured while daily food intake was measured via a food diary. Results revealed only a significant effect of the Night on fibre consumed at breakfast and on the amount of daily snacks: both groups consumed less fibre and more snacks after DN compared to after HN. However, when controlling for depressive emotional eating, results showed that individuals reporting low depressive emotional eating ate less after DN than after HN at breakfast, but then they ate more throughout the day. Partial sleep deprivation may decrease fibre consumption and increase daily snacks regardless of binge eating symptoms, while daily food intake may increase only in individuals who do not report emotional eating.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Experimental study, Level 1.

KEYWORDS:

Binge eating; Emotional eating; Experimental design; Food intake; Sleep deprivation

PMID:
30019260
DOI:
10.1007/s40519-018-0547-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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