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J Exerc Rehabil. 2018 Jun 30;14(3):349-355. doi: 10.12965/jer.1836142.071. eCollection 2018 Jun.

Relationship between attention and balance: a dual-task condition study in children.

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Grupo de investigación en dolor musculoesquelético y control motor UE, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan, Italy.
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain.
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Alcalá de Henares, Spain.


This study explored the relationship between motor functions and attention in children aged 4-5 years. A sample of 85 children was collected from a primary school (44 boys and 41 girls). We applied a standardized continuous attention performance test, the Kiddie Continuous Performance Test, under two conditions (sitting and balancing). Data were collected from two standardized balance tests, the Battelle and Pediatric Balance Scale. There was a significant relationship between attention and balance and gender differences that may condition the way to address balance issues in boys and girls. Gender should be considered when addressing balance problems to get efficient interventions. Balance skill may be a contributing factor in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.


Attention; Balance; Child

Conflict of interest statement

CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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