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Cancer Lett. 2018 Oct 10;434:70-80. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2018.07.012. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

DCZ3112, a novel Hsp90 inhibitor, exerts potent antitumor activity against HER2-positive breast cancer through disruption of Hsp90-Cdc37 interaction.

Author information

1
Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China.
2
Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China.
3
Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: wlzhu@simm.ac.cn.
4
Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: xiechengying818@simm.ac.cn.
5
Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: lglou@mail.shcnc.ac.cn.

Abstract

Hsp90 regulates the stability of oncoproteins important in tumor development and progression, and represents a potential therapeutic target. However, all Hsp90 inhibitors currently in clinical trials target Hsp90 ATPase activity and exhibit low selectivity and high toxicity. In this study, we discovered a new Hsp90 inhibitor, DCZ3112, with a novel mechanism of action. DCZ3112 directly bound to the N-terminal domain of Hsp90 and inhibited Hsp90-Cdc37 interaction without inhibiting ATPase activity. DCZ3112 inhibited the proliferation predominantly in HER2-positive breast cancer cells, including those resistant to the classical Hsp90 inhibitor geldanamycin, which mainly targets ATPase. DCZ3112 produced synergistic in vitro activity in inhibiting cell proliferation, inducing G1-phase arrest and apoptosis, and reducing AKT and ERK phosphorylation. Consistent with this, DCZ3112 alone inhibited the growth of HER2-positive BT-474 xenografts, and exhibited enhanced antitumor activity when combined with the anti-HER2 antibody trastuzumab. Importantly, DCZ3112 also significantly inhibited the growth of trastuzumab-resistant BT-474 cells, and combined treatment retained synergistic antitumor activity. Thus, our findings show that disrupting Hsp90-Cdc37 interaction may represent a promising strategy against HER2-positive breast cancer, especially those with acquired resistance to trastuzumab.

KEYWORDS:

Cdc37; DCZ3112; Geldanamycin; HER2-positive breast cancer; Hsp90

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