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Biomed Eng Online. 2018 Jul 17;17(1):97. doi: 10.1186/s12938-018-0528-y.

A multi-layered poroelastic slab model under cyclic loading for a single osteon.

Author information

1
School of Mathematics and Statistics, Ningxia University, Helanshan Road 489, Yinchuan, 750021, Ningxia Province, People's Republic of China.
2
School of Science, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, 750004, China.
3
School of Mathematics and Statistics, Ningxia University, Helanshan Road 489, Yinchuan, 750021, Ningxia Province, People's Republic of China. Li_x@nxu.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

An osteon consists of a multi-layered bone matrix and interstitial fluid flow in the lacunar-canalicular system. Loading-induced interstitial fluid flow in the lacunar-canalicular system is critical for osteocyte mechanotransduction and bone remodelling.

METHODS:

To investigate the effects of the lamellar structure and heterogeneous material properties of the osteon on the distributions of interstitial fluid flow and seepage velocity, an osteon is idealized as a hollow two-dimensional poroelastic multi-layered slab model subjected to cyclic loading. Based on poroelastic theory, the analytical solutions of interstitial fluid pressure and seepage velocity in lacunar-canalicular pores were obtained.

RESULTS:

The results show that strain magnitude has a greater influence on interstitial fluid pressure than loading frequency. Interestingly, the heterogeneous distribution of permeability produces remarkable variations in interstitial fluid pressure and seepage velocity in the cross-section of cortical bone. In addition, interstitial fluid flow stimuli to osteocytes are mostly controlled by the value of permeability at the surface of the osteon rather than at the inner wall of the osteon.

CONCLUSION:

Interstitial fluid flow induced by cycling loading stimuli to an osteocyte housed in a lacunar-canalicular pore is not only correlated with strain amplitude and loading frequency, but also closely correlated with the spatial gradient distribution of permeability. This model can help us better understand the fluid flow stimuli to osteocytes during bone remodelling.

KEYWORDS:

Cyclic loading; Interstitial fluid flow; Lamellar structure; Osteocytes; Osteon

PMID:
30016971
PMCID:
PMC6050742
DOI:
10.1186/s12938-018-0528-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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