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Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2018 Oct;25:21-25. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2018.07.011. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Cardiovascular conditions in persons with multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica and transverse myelitis.

Author information

1
Neuroimmunological Disorders Gene-Environment Epidemiology Laboratory, Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States; Institute for Computational Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States.
2
Neuroimmunological Disorders Gene-Environment Epidemiology Laboratory, Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States.
3
The Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis Treatment and Research, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, United States.
4
Neuroimmunological Disorders Gene-Environment Epidemiology Laboratory, Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States. Electronic address: farren.briggs@case.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiovascular conditions are associated with poorer outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS). Whether the burden of cardiovascular conditions differs between those with demyelinating disease and unaffected controls is not clear. The objective of this study is to investigate the burden and age of onset of cardiovascular conditions in a US population with MS, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), or transverse myelitis (TM) to unaffected controls adjusting for likely confounders.

METHODS:

Using a case-control study design, we compared the burden of self-reported diabetes mellitus type 2, heart disease, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension in cases with MS (N = 1,548), NMOSD (N = 306), and TM (N = 145) to controls (N = 677), adjusting for demographics, smoking history, obesity, family history of individual cardiovascular conditions, and presence of other cardiovascular conditions. The age of onset for individual cardiovascular conditions were also compared between cases and controls.

RESULTS:

MS cases were 48% more likely to have ever had hypertension than controls (p = 0.01). The prevalence of other cardiovascular conditions did not differ across cases and controls. There were also no differences in the age of cardiovascular disease onset between cases and controls.

CONCLUSION:

Cardiovascular conditions are as common in those with demyelinating diseases compared to unaffected individuals, with hypertension being more common among those with MS.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular conditions; Demyelinating disease; Hypertension; Prevalence

PMID:
30014877
DOI:
10.1016/j.msard.2018.07.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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