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Elife. 2018 Jul 17;7. pii: e35216. doi: 10.7554/eLife.35216.

Arid1a restrains Kras-dependent changes in acinar cell identity.

Author information

1
Department of Cancer Biology and Genetics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, United States.
2
Center of Epigenetics Research, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, United States.
3
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
4
Department of Pathology, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, United States.
5
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, New York, United States.

Abstract

Mutations in members of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling family are common events in cancer, but the mechanisms whereby disruption of SWI/SNF components alters tumorigenesis remain poorly understood. To model the effect of loss of function mutations in the SWI/SNF subunit Arid1a in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) initiation, we directed shRNA triggered, inducible and reversible suppression of Arid1a to the mouse pancreas in the setting of oncogenic KrasG12D. Arid1a cooperates with Kras in the adult pancreas as postnatal silencing of Arid1a following sustained KrasG12D expression induces rapid and irreversible reprogramming of acinar cells into mucinous PDAC precursor lesions. In contrast, Arid1a silencing during embryogenesis, concurrent with KrasG12D activation, leads to retention of acinar cell fate. Together, our results demonstrate Arid1a as a critical modulator of Kras-dependent changes in acinar cell identity, and underscore an unanticipated influence of timing and genetic context on the effects of SWI/SNF complex alterations in epithelial tumorigenesis.

KEYWORDS:

RNAi; SWI/SNF; acinar cell; cancer biology; mouse; mouse model; pancreas cancer; plasticity

Comment in

PMID:
30014851
PMCID:
PMC6050044
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.35216
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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