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Clin Rehabil. 2018 Dec;32(12):1636-1644. doi: 10.1177/0269215518787338. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Effects of upper limb resistance exercise on aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and quality of life in COPD patients: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
1 Department of Physical Therapy, Institute of Health Sciences, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.
2
2 Department of Biomorphology, Institute of Health Sciences, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE::

To evaluate the effects of upper limb resistance exercise on the functional capacity, muscle function, and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

SETTING::

Clinical School of Physiotherapy in a Public University of Brazil.

SUBJECTS::

58 patients were recruited; of these, 7 were excluded and 51 individuals were enrolled.

INTERVENTION::

Control group performed warm-up, aerobic exercise, inspiratory muscle training, and session stretching, followed by massage therapy. The treatment group performed warm-up, aerobic exercise, inspiratory muscle training, three sets of upper limb resistance exercise, and session stretching, followed by massage therapy. Total three sessions per week for eight weeks.

PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES::

6-minute walk test, respiratory and peripheral muscle strength, dyspnea, and quality of life. Normality of the data was tested using the Shapiro-Wilk test; paired analysis of variance was used for intergroup analyses.

RESULTS::

51 patients (25 in the control group and 26 in the treatment group); 41% of the subjects were men. Mean forced expiratory volume was 2.6 ± 0.6 L, and mean body mass index was 27.3 ± 7.0 kg/m2. The upper limb resistance exercise resulted in significantly greater benefit in terms of exercise capacity (88.5 ± 81.9 m, P = 0.043), inspiratory muscle strength (22.9 ± 24.2 cm H2O, P = 0.001), upper limb muscle strength (2.3 ± 3.1 kg, P = 0.027), and quality of life scores (-15.3 ± 10.9 points, P = 0.000).

CONCLUSION::

Upper limb resistance exercise improved the exercise capacity, respiratory muscle strength, and quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; quality of life; randomized controlled trial; resistance exercise

PMID:
30012033
DOI:
10.1177/0269215518787338
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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