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Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2019;78(1):171-173. doi: 10.5603/FM.a2018.0059. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

From thyroid cartilage to thyroid gland.

Author information

1
Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece. konstlaios@gmail.com.
2
Medical School, University of Patras, Greece.
3
Neurosurgical Department, Children Hospital 'P. & A. Kyriakou', Athens, Greece.
4
Department of Anatomy, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.
5
History of Medicine Department, University of Crete, Greece.

Abstract

The ancient Greek physicians skipped the description of thyroid gland probablydue to their difficultly to understand the anatomy and the existence of this organ.Although the ancient physicians had described the disease bronchocele (Greek:Βρογχοκήλη), this disease did not correspond exactly to goitre. The first officialdescription of this gland was made by Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564). Thomas Wharton (1614-1673) in his work Adenographia was the one who coined the term 'Glandulae thyreoidea'.

KEYWORDS:

Galen; Thomas Wharton; botium; thyroid foramen

PMID:
30009365
DOI:
10.5603/FM.a2018.0059
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