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Mol Biol Rep. 2018 Oct;45(5):1013-1021. doi: 10.1007/s11033-018-4249-x. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Effects of fermented green-loofah and green-papaya on nitric oxide secretion from murine macrophage raw 264.7 cells.

Author information

1
Department of Food Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato, Tokyo, 108-8477, Japan.
2
Department of Food Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato, Tokyo, 108-8477, Japan. kuda@kaiyodai.ac.jp.

Abstract

To clarify the effect of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) fermentation on the immunomodulation capacity of green-loofah and green-papaya, aqueous suspensions prepared from the fresh and dry-powdered vegetables were fermented by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis Uruma-SU1 and Lactobacillus plantarum Uruma-SU4. Fermented and non-fermented suspensions were added to murine macrophage RAW264.7 culture with and without Escherichia coli O111 lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the absence of LPS, nitric oxide (NO) secretion was elevated significantly in LAB fermented suspensions compared to that in non-fermented suspensions. NO production in fermented suspensions was observed even at low sample concentrations, but it was attenuated in the centrifuged supernatant. With LPS treatment, inhibition of NO secretion was shown with the high concentration of the non-fermented and also fermented samples. These results suggest that fermented green-loofah and green-papaya suspensions can play both immunostimulatory and anti-inflammatory roles at low and high doses, respectively.

KEYWORDS:

Green-loofah; Green-papaya; Lactobacillus plantarum; Murine macrophage RAW264.7; Nitric oxide

PMID:
30009342
DOI:
10.1007/s11033-018-4249-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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