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J Rheumatol. 2018 Oct;45(10):1367-1374. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.170973. Epub 2018 Jul 15.

Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Compliance with Diabetes Screening Guidelines.

Author information

1
From the Department of Medicine, and the Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Arthritis Research Canada, Richmond, British Columbia; McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
2
T.J. Schmidt, MSc, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, and Arthritis Research Canada; J.A. Aviña-Zubieta, MD, PhD, FRCPC, Arthritis Research Canada, and Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia; E.C. Sayre, PhD, Arthritis Research Canada; M. Abrahamowicz, PhD, James McGill Professor, McGill University; J.M. Esdaile, MD, MPH, FRCPC, FCAHS, Arthritis Research Canada, and Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia; D. Lacaille, MD, MHSc, FRCPC, Arthritis Research Canada, and Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia.
3
From the Department of Medicine, and the Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Arthritis Research Canada, Richmond, British Columbia; McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. dlacaille@arthritisresearch.ca.
4
T.J. Schmidt, MSc, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, and Arthritis Research Canada; J.A. Aviña-Zubieta, MD, PhD, FRCPC, Arthritis Research Canada, and Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia; E.C. Sayre, PhD, Arthritis Research Canada; M. Abrahamowicz, PhD, James McGill Professor, McGill University; J.M. Esdaile, MD, MPH, FRCPC, FCAHS, Arthritis Research Canada, and Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia; D. Lacaille, MD, MHSc, FRCPC, Arthritis Research Canada, and Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia. dlacaille@arthritisresearch.ca.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate compliance with diabetes screening guidelines for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared to the general population.

METHODS:

We conducted the first longitudinal study of a population-based RA cohort including all prevalent RA cases in British Columbia between 1996 and 2006 and followed until 2010, with matched general population comparators. Using administrative data, we measured compliance with general population guidelines [i.e., testing plasma glucose (PG) at least once every 3 years after age 45] after excluding individuals with previous diabetes. Followup was divided into 3-year eligibility periods. Compliance was measured as the proportion of periods with ≥ 1 PG test performed. OR (95% CI) of compliance in RA (vs general population) was calculated using generalized estimating equation models, adjusting for age and sex. Mean compliance rate per patient was also calculated and compared using the Mann-Whitney U test.

RESULTS:

Analysis included 22,624 individuals with RA, contributing 48,724 three-year eligibility periods; and 22,579 people in a general population group, contributing 51,081 three-year eligibility periods. PG was measured in 72.3% (SD 37%) of the eligible time periods in the RA sample and in 70.4% (SD 38%) for the general population (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.02-1.09, p < 0.0001). RA individuals met recommended screening guidelines in 71.4% of their eligible periods, compared to 70.6% (p < 0.001). Screening improved over time in RA relative to the general population. Family physicians ordered nearly all the PG tests.

CONCLUSION:

Compliance with general population guidelines for diabetes screening in RA was suboptimal, with little difference relative to the general population, despite a higher risk of CVD and diabetes.

KEYWORDS:

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES; COMORBIDITY; DIABETES MELLITUS; HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH; QUALITY INDICATORS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

PMID:
30008457
DOI:
10.3899/jrheum.170973

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